Doctoral Researchers

Dan Armstrong

BA Hons. (Downing College, Cambridge), MA (University of East Anglia)

I graduated from Downing College, Cambridge, in 2017 with a Double First BA Hons. in History. During my time at Downing I was the President of the Maitland History Society (2016-17), and I was the recipient of two essay prizes: the J.C. Holt Undergraduate Essay Prize (2015) and the R.J. White Essay Prize (2017). After graduating from Cambridge I moved to the University of East Anglia, where I was awarded an AHRC Studentship to fully-fund my MA in Medieval History.

My PhD, under the supervision of Professor John Hudson, will be funded by the European Research Council as part of the project: ‘Civil Law, Common Law, Customary Law: Consonance, Divergence, and Transformation in Western Europefrom the late eleventh to the thirteenth centuries.’ The preliminary title of my thesis is: ‘Politics, Law, and Ecclesiology in Anglo-Papal Relations, c.1066-c.1154’. The thesis will re-assess the relationship between the Anglo-Norman kings, bishops, and the papacy. In doing so my PhD will seek to address the remarkably uneven historiographical coverage of Anglo-Papal diplomacy. A misleading narrative of conflict has been accepted as the norm, with the historiography primarily focussing upon the ‘crises archbishops’ of Anselm, Beckett, and Langton. My thesis will attempt to correct this imbalance, whilst placing the Anglo-Norman Church and kingdom within its wider European context, seeking to show the centrality of the often ignored ‘periphery’ for papal policy. The crusades, the developments and the diffusion of Canon Law, the role of Peter’s Pence, and the increasing centripetal shift amongst the English episcopate towards Rome will be among the topics considered.


David de Concilio

MLaw (Roma Tre University)

I am a PhD Student in the ERC Advance Grant funded project ‘Civil Law, Common Law, Customary Law: Consonance, Divergence and Transformation in Western Europe from the Late Eleventh to the Thirteenth Centuries’ (CLCLCL). I obtained a MLaw at Roma Tre University, Italy (2018), with a thesis on Money and Law in medieval juridical doctrine, awarded as a thesis of particular academic value by the Roma Tre Department of Law. The finds of this work are the starting point of my PhD project. More specifically, my current research focuses on the comparative study of the correlation between monetization, the rise of learned law and the development of customary law in medieval Northern Italy between the eleventh and the thirteenth centuries.


Associated Doctoral Researchers


Kim Thao Le

BA (Paris Nanterre), LLB (Paris Nanterre), LLM (Paris Nanterre)

My research interests aim at combining legal history with social and anthropological approaches.

I first obtained an LLB in French Law and Anglo-American Law, then a BA in History, followed by an LLM in Legal History and Anthropology, at the University of Paris Nanterre. In November 2016, I was awarded a three-year doctoral contract by the Doctoral School of Law of the University of Paris Nanterre where I worked as a teaching assistant in legal history, since I have started my PhD under the supervision of Professor Christophe Archan.

In November 2018, I moved to the University of St Andrews to pursue my PhD in co-tutelle under the co-supervision of Professor John Hudson. The preliminary title is ‘Jurors as witnesses of reputation? From the legal value of reputation in criminal procedure to the issue of the origins of English medieval jury systematisation (12th-13thc.)’. My PhD project intends to address the issue of the origins and the progressive expansion of the jury system in English common law through the central notion of reputation. With research methods taking benefit from a multidisciplinary approach, my thesis will attempt to draw a theory of reputation in the medieval criminal jury system. This project also aims to contribute to the exploration of the influences and parallels of common law with Roman canon law.

More largely, my researches focus on the links and interactions between the English lay society and the central government.