Sarah White gave the annual John Lewis Memorial Lecture at the Centre for Law and Religion in Cardiff, held as part of the LLM in Canon Law. Professor John Lewis, an associate of the Centre and professor at Windsor University Ontario, taught regularly from 1993 until his death in 1999. Dr White’s lecture was about the beginnings of the canon law profession in England and focused on three individuals: Roger de Cantilupe, a lawyer from the 1240s, Richard de Clyve, a judge from the 1290s, and an unnamed lawyer, also from the 1290s. Although we know a considerable amount about legal education at the universities, the details of the men who studied and practiced law are often less well known. Using the case records from the Court of Canterbury, this lecture highlighted elements of these men’s careers – who they were, where they worked, and how they used their legal education.
On February 18-23, Project director Professor John Hudson, senior researcher Professor Emanuele Conte, project post-doctoral researchers Dr Andrew Cecchinato, Dr Will Eves, Dr Attilio Stella and Dr Sarah White, and doctoral researchers Dan Armstrong and David de Concilio participated in the Atelier Doctoral at the École Française in Rome, on the theme: ‘Dal caso alla regola, dalla teoria ai fatti: alle radici della cultura giuridica europea‘.
The doctoral week provided the opportunity for PhD and early career researchers to present their research and act as discussants to papers delivered by other attendees. Professor John Hudson delivered a keynote lecture on the subject of Learning from casuistic approaches to Common Law. Dan Armstrong gave a paper entitled Politics, Law, and Ecclesiology in Anglo-Papal relations, and David de Concilio presented on the topic of Dialectic in the development of medieval legal thought: a European history.The event was attended by a number of senior scholars from around Europe, who offered advice and support to the junior scholars who were present.
The week was punctuated by a visit to Ostia Antica on Wednesday 20 February, during which the Atelier Doctoral delegates were given a guided tour of the ancient Roman site. On the evening of the 21 February, the delegates were kindly welcomed to Le Palais Farnèse, the French Embassy in Rome, and given a tour of the library of the École Française, which is located in the building.
On 7 March 2018, Andrew Cecchinato, Attilio Stella, Sarah White and Will Eves took part in a roundtable at the University of Roma Tre to discuss their work and the nature of the project.
The paper Andrew presented in Rome outlined the general purpose of the project and presented an overview of his individual research. Andrew took this opportunity to present a select reading of the Introduction to the Commentaries, by focusing on Blackstone’s analysis of the relationship existing between English municipal law and the ius commune. He then compared Blackstone’s analysis with a number of English and Continental sources equally addressing the relationship between ius commune and municipal laws and highlighted their commonalities. During the discussion, Andrew was able to expand on Blackstone’s engagement with Medieval and Early Modern European jurisprudence
Sarah outlined the main area of her research: specifically, how the development and implementation of Romano-canonical procedure in England, mainly through treatises, may have influenced elements of the developing Common Law. She discussed the treatises used in this investigation and outlined some possible avenues of inquiry relating to theory and practice. Sarah received questions concerning the use of Roman law actions in both Romano-canonical and Common Law treatises, and discussed how this could affect the understanding and organisation of procedure in either system
Will spoke about the concepts of possession and proprietas in Roman law, and their potential influence on the legal reforms introduced by Henry II in England in the twelfth century. He highlighted the problems we encounter when we try to describe actions introduced in England during this period as either ‘possessory’ or ‘proprietary’, and discussed whether the Roman law idea of ‘ownership’ could be used to describe landholding in England during the High Middle Ages. During the discussion Will considered the terminology of ‘right’ in English law, and spoke more on the relationship between lordship, tenure, and ideas of ownership in medieval Europe.
In his talk on the making of feudal law in 12th- and 13th-century Italy, Attilio developed three major points: (1) the question of how practice and real litigation related to the Libri Feudorum and later legal literature on fiefs; (2) how practices which were foreign to the Roman law tradition could be framed into Roman law categories, in particular the legal actiones; (3) the contextual construction of the ius commune, from real facts and actual court cases to universal rules.
Researchers involved in the Civil Law, Common Law, Customary Law project will hold a roundtable to discuss aspects of their work at the Department of Law, University of Roma Tre, on 7 March, 1.30pm.
This roundtable coincides with archival research Drs Will Eves and Sarah Wight plan to undertake in the Vatican Library from 5-9 March. A report on this research will be published as a research update in the near future.